A Multipass ECAP Study of Modified Aluminium Alloys
ECAP (Equal Channel Angular Pressing) is a very interesting method for modifying microstructure in producing UFG (Ultra Fine Grained) materials. It consists of pressing test samples through a die containing two channels, equal in cross section and intersecting at an angle Φ. As a result of pressing, the sample theoretically deforms by simple shear and retains the same cross sectional area to repeat the pressing for several cycles. 2-D and 3-D FEM simulations of both one and four ECAP passes of two modified aluminium alloys were performed in order to investigate the deformation state of processed workpiece and, moreover, the effect of the different alloy related Strain Hardening Rate (SHR), die geometry (in terms of variation of channel outer angle) and friction on deformation distribution and magnitude. FEM results showed a lower equivalent plastic strain on the outer side of both cross and longitudinal sections of the billets after one and four passes. Microhardness tests performed on the same sections of ECAP processed billets supported these findings. Moreover, FEM analysis indicated that an higher SHR means a greater strain inhomogeneity on cross section of the processed billet. The same effect was observed by increasing the channel outer angle by computing friction.
Marcello Cabibbo and Stefano Spigarelli
E. Cerri et al., "A Multipass ECAP Study of Modified Aluminium Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 604-605, pp. 163-170, 2009