Study on Preparation and Properties of Nitric Oxide Releasing Polyurethane
In this study, a novel nitric oxide (NO) endogenously releasing polyurethane (PU) material, i.e. PU-g-L-cysteine(PU-Cys), was synthesized by grafting L-cysteine on the film surface. Fluorescence analysis and a BCA method were used to characterize qualitatively and quantitatively the grafted L-cysteine. The results showed that L-cysteine was successfully immobilized on the PU film surface and the density of L-cysteine grafted was calculated to be 15.3nmol/cm2. The NO releasing behavior study of PU-Cys film demonstrated that endogenous NO could be continuously released from PU-Cys film and the accumulated releasing amount within 3h added up to 1.06nmol/cm2. The releasing rate of NO was well matchable to the self-releasing rate of resting platelets in human body. The results of dynamic blood clotting test and hemolysis ratio measurement showed that PU-Cys film had a better haemocompatibility than PU film, which might be the result of endogenously released NO inhibiting platelet adhesion and thrombus formation. Therefore, PU-Cys with the property of endogenous NO releasing is expected to be an ideal blood compatibility material in clinical application.
Zhong Wei Gu, Yafang Han, Fu Sheng Pan, Xitao Wang, Duan Weng and Shaoxiong Zhou
J. H. Zhao et al., "Study on Preparation and Properties of Nitric Oxide Releasing Polyurethane", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 610-613, pp. 1237-1243, 2009