Effect of Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles of Different Concentrations on Rat Osteoblast
Nano-HAP (10-20nm) were obtained from East China University of Science and Technology. The osteoblasts were primary cultured from rat calvaria and then treated with five different concentrations(20，40，60，80，100µg/ml) of nano-HAP, the osteoblasts without nano-HAP was used as control group. Inhibition ratio, apoptotic rate were evaluated by MTT assay and flow cytometry (FCM), respectively. The specific surface area of nano-HAP was detected by BET. All date were expressed as mean ± standard deviation.Statistical analysis was performed by t test using software SPSS11.0 for Windows. The results indicated that the nano-HAP could inhibit the growth of osteoblasts in a dose-dependent manner. When the concentrations of nano-HAP were 20, 40, 60, 80, 100µg/ml, the inhibition ratio were 2.8%, 22.2%, 26.9%, 38% and 47.7%, and the apoptotic rate were 4.63%, 6.75%, 9.47%, 11.49%, 17.22%, respectively, which were obviously higher than that of control group. The nano-HAP significantly induced apoptosis in osteoblasts. There were the same tendency that the apoptotic and inhibition ratio of osteoblasts were rising with the increasing of the concentration of the nano-HAP. The specific surface area of nano-HAP was 148.140m2/g.
Zhong Wei Gu, Yafang Han, Fu Sheng Pan, Xitao Wang, Duan Weng and Shaoxiong Zhou
Z. L. Xu et al., "Effect of Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles of Different Concentrations on Rat Osteoblast", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 610-613, pp. 1364-1369, 2009