Deep Levels Generated by Ion-Implantation in n- and p-Type 4H-SiC
The authors have investigated deep levels in the whole energy range of bandgap of 4H-SiC, which are generated by N+, P+, Al+ implantation, by deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS). Ne+-implanted samples have been also prepared to investigate the pure implantation damage. In the n-type as-grown material, Z1/2 (Ec – 0.63 eV) and EH6/7 (Ec – 1.6 eV) are dominant deep levels. When the implant dose is low, seven peaks (IN1, IN3 ~ IN6, IN8, IN9) have emerged by implantation and annealing at 1000oC in the DLTS spectra from all n-type samples. After high-temperature annealing at 1700oC, however, most DLTS peaks disappeared, and two peaks, Z1/2 and EH6/7 survive. In the p-type as-grown material, D center (Ev + 0.40 eV) and HK4 (Ev + 1.4 eV) are dominant. When the implant dose is low, two peaks (IP1, IP3) have emerged by implantation and annealing at 1000oC, and four traps IP2, IP4 (Ev + 0.72 eV), IP7 (Ev + 1.3 eV), and IP8 (Ev + 1.4 eV) are dominant after annealing at 1700oC.
Amador Pérez-Tomás, Philippe Godignon, Miquel Vellvehí and Pierre Brosselard
K. Kawahara et al., "Deep Levels Generated by Ion-Implantation in n- and p-Type 4H-SiC", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 615-617, pp. 365-368, 2009