Interface States and Barrier Heights on Metal/4H-SiC Interfaces
Available data on Schottky barrier heights on silicon and carbon rich faces of 4H-SiC have been carefully analyzed to investigate the mechanism of barrier formation on these surfaces. As in case of 3C and 6H-SiC, the barrier heights depend strongly upon method of surface preparation with a considerable scatter in the barrier height for a given metal-semiconductor system. However, for each metal the barrier height depends on the metal work function and strong pinning of the Fermi level has not been observed. The slopes of the linear relation between the barrier heights and metal work functions varies over a wide range from 0.2 to about 0.75 indicating that the density of interface states depends strongly on the method of surface preparation. By a careful examination of the data on barrier heights we could identify a set of nearly ideal interfaces in which the barrier heights vary linearly with metal work function approaching almost to the Schottky limit. The density of interface states for these interfaces is estimated to lie between 4.671012 to 2.631012 states/ cm2 eV on the silicon rich surface and about three times higher on the carbon rich faces. We also observed that on these ideal interfaces the density of interface states was almost independent of metal indicating that the metal induced gap states (MIGS) play no role in determining the barrier heights in metal-4H-SiC Schottky barriers.
Amador Pérez-Tomás, Philippe Godignon, Miquel Vellvehí and Pierre Brosselard
S. Khanna et al., "Interface States and Barrier Heights on Metal/4H-SiC Interfaces", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 615-617, pp. 427-430, 2009