Implementing the Direct Powder Route for Titanium Mill Product: Continuous Production of CP Sheet
Major research and development efforts both in CSIRO and elsewhere aim to develop processes for commercial production of low cost titanium powder. These processes could reduce the current cost of titanium, but the major savings are expected to come by enabling powder metallurgical processes which transform these powders into products. Powder metallurgical (PM) processes (e.g. CIP/HIP) are well established for discrete components, but technologies for continuous production of “mill” product are immature. New processes will be needed for the economic manufacture of mill product (e.g. sheet and tube) from the large quantities of low-cost powder which will become available when the emerging powder production processes enter commercial production. The paper will present a process for the production of commercial purity (CP) sheet by direct rolling of powder. It is novel in that it avoids both the use of binders and densification via batch sintering. A roll compacted green sheet is rapidly heated under a controlled atmosphere before being consolidated to nominally 100% density by hot rolling. Following conventional batch annealing, strip samples exhibit properties approaching those of commercial wrought sheet of an equivalent grade. In order to achieve this, a number of key variables including powder chemistry, morphology and particle packing, the roll compaction and hot rolling parameters needed to be understood and closely controlled.
M.S. Dargusch & S.M. Keay
N. A. Stone et al., "Implementing the Direct Powder Route for Titanium Mill Product: Continuous Production of CP Sheet", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 618-619, pp. 139-142, 2009