Towards a More Holistic Approach to Quality Improvements in Aluminium Die Casting
This work evaluates the feasibility of using a holistic approach, based on dynamical system theory, to reduce porosity defects in high pressure aluminum die casting. Quality improvements, from a dynamical system perspective mean the ability to move the die casting process out of its natural equilibrium to a more beneficial state and the ability to maintain this new process state. This more beneficial state may be achieved in several ways. One way is to increase the amount of forcing to overcome natural process resistance. This forcing approach is represented by typical continuous intervention policy, with modifications in die/part design and/or process parameters. An alternative approach is to reduce the amount of natural process resistance, in particular the amount of process disturbance, allowing the process to move out of its natural equilibrium with much less forcing. This alternative uses the self-regulating ability of dynamical systems thus decreasing the amount of human intervention required. In this respect, the influence of vacuum on time on chattering at the first stage of the casting shot was identified as a good process candidate for testing using dynamical system theory. A significant reduction in porosity defects was achieved, which also set the process on a path of slow but consistent self-improvement.
M.S. Dargusch & S.M. Keay
S. Zanna et al., "Towards a More Holistic Approach to Quality Improvements in Aluminium Die Casting", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 618-619, pp. 341-344, 2009