Direct Manufacturing of Titanium Parts by Cold Spray
Titanium has excellent properties as an engineering material such as light weight, high strength and high resistance to corrosion and fracture. However, the high cost associated with the materials and current process technologies is not conducive to higher-volume production for consumer industry. It appears near net shape manufacturing has to be used to manufacture titanium and titanium alloys parts. Investigators are exploring several near net shape technologies. However, most of these technologies involve melting and solidification. Each new layer starts out molten, solidifies, and must eventually cool to room temperature. Oxygen sensitive material such as titanium needs to be processed under vacuum. There is a great need for revolutionary coating and direct Manufacturing technology to extend the application of titanium and titanium alloys from top end, aerospace and biomedical to lower end consumer use. It appears Cold Spray Technology can deliver a suitable and cost effective coating and direct manufacturing solution for titanium industry. CSIRO Light Metals Flagship has pioneered in developing direct manufacturing technologies to fabricate titanium parts using Cold Spray. Mechanical properties of Cold Spray titanium in as sprayed and heat treated conditions are presented and compared with wrought titanium. Some of technologies such as Cold Spray for direct manufacturing of seamless titanium pipes are discussed.
M.S. Dargusch & S.M. Keay
M. Z. Jahedi et al., "Direct Manufacturing of Titanium Parts by Cold Spray", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 618-619, pp. 505-508, 2009