ZnO Nanorods Synthesized in Large-Scale via Sonochemical Method and its Sensing Potential towards Methyl Mercaptan
A novel and simple approach has been developed for a large-scale synthesis of ZnO nanorods using ultrasound radiation. Double-pod-like ZnO nanorods were directly grown from the starting precursors of zinc nitrate hydrate [Zn(NO3)26H2O] and hexamethylene tetramine (HMT) in deionized water without any templates or seeds. The obtained double-pod-like product had a diameter ranging from 80 to 150 nm and length ranging from 1 to 5 um. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) revealed that these products are of high purity, hexagonal and of single-crystalline structure. The ZnO nanorods synthesized were utilized for gas sensing application. Alumina plate consists of Pt interdigitated electrode was used as sensor substrate. The as-prepared products were transferred to the surface of substrate by screen printing method to fabricate the gas sensor. The sensing properties of the sensor were investigated toward methyl mercaptan (CH3SH). The sensor shows good and fast response towards methyl mercaptan at a fixed operating temperature. The high sensitivity may be ascribed to the high surface area and aspect ration of the double-pod-like nanomaterial.
Hyungsun Kim, JienFeng Yang, Tohru Sekino and Soo Wohn Lee
S. L. Zhang et al., "ZnO Nanorods Synthesized in Large-Scale via Sonochemical Method and its Sensing Potential towards Methyl Mercaptan", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 620-622, pp. 493-496, 2009