Fabrication of Nano-MgO Reinforced Fe-Cr-Ni Composites by Reactive Hot Pressing

Abstract:

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The self-propagating combustion reaction 0.741Mg + 0.247Fe2O3 + 0.188Ni + 0.318Cr → 0.741MgO + Fe0.494Ni0.188Cr0.318 was applied to prepare a nano-MgO reinforced Fe-Cr-Ni composite, by reactive hot pressing (RHP) under a condition of 700°C/30MPa/2h. The densification was enabled by the low temperatures produced by the exothermic reaction. According to TG-DTA and X-ray diffractometry (XRD), the highly-exothermic thermite reaction began at about 600°C and the in-situ formation of composites comprised predominantly of (FCC) Cr0.19Fe0.7Ni0.11, (FCC) Fe-Cr, (BCC) MgO and a small quantity of (BCC) MgFe2O4. The Vickers hardness was 3.67GPa, the three-point bending strength was 112.5±10MPa, and the fracture toughness was 3.28 MPa•m1/2. The microstructure of the composite was observed via scanning electron microscopy. This indicated that the distributions of in-situ-formed (BCC) MgO phases (~800 nanometers) were homogeneous into in a matrix of a fine-grained metallic alloy phases that gather together to form agglomerates in the composite.

Info:

Periodical:

Materials Science Forum (Volumes 620-622)

Edited by:

Hyungsun Kim, JienFeng Yang, Tohru Sekino and Soo Wohn Lee

Pages:

551-554

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.620-622.551

Citation:

C. Chen et al., "Fabrication of Nano-MgO Reinforced Fe-Cr-Ni Composites by Reactive Hot Pressing", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 620-622, pp. 551-554, 2009

Online since:

April 2009

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Price:

$35.00

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