Study of Machinable Dental Glass Ceramics
Glass-ceramics are especially useful for the dental restorations because of their good biocompatibility, chemical stability, aesthetic, mechanical strength and wear resistance. The aim of this work was to obtain one mica glass-ceramic, which can be easily used for rapid machining into all-ceramic tooth with computer assisted design/computer assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) devices. In the study, on the base of low melting machinable fluorosilicic mica glass ceramics, the effects of CeO2 and Fe2O3 in SiO2-B2O3-K2O-Na2O-Li2O-Al2O3-MgO-F system on color were studied. By orthogonal experimental design, the effects of crystallized parameters on the color, three point flexural strength and machinability of the glass ceramics were obtained, and the samples were analyzed by differential thermal analysis(DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy(SEM), respectively. Experimental results showed that the glass-ceramics with color close to the tooth can be obtained by adjusting the percentage of CeO2 and Fe2O3, and the glass-ceramics crystallized at 680°C for 2h have excellent mechanical properties and machinability.
Hyungsun Kim, JienFeng Yang, Tohru Sekino and Soo Wohn Lee
X. P. Ma et al., "Study of Machinable Dental Glass Ceramics", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 620-622, pp. 575-578, 2009