Adaptive Composite Materials with Novel Architectures
Today, there is a strong push to improve the thermal management of electronic components in order to increase the performance and the reliability of electronic devices. Up to now, most of the heat sinks are mainly made of Copper that presents a good thermal conductivity (TC) but a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) much higher than the ceramic of the DBC (direct bonding Copper). It induces interfacial thermal stresses and indeed it decreases the reliability of the global electronic system. Therefore, there is a strong need for the development of novel heat dissipation material having low CTE combined with high TC. Carbon fibres reinforced copper matrix offers a good compromise between thermo mechanical properties (i.e. CTE) and medium TC. In order to increase surface TC, pure Copper can be added on the top surface and/or on the bottom one of the composite heat sink playing the role of heat spreader for hot spots linked with the Si components. The fabrication technique of these materials is based on powder metallurgy technique. The thermal properties of adaptive materials, TC and CTE, have been measured for different Copper thicknesses and architectures ([C/Cu], [Cu – C/Cu] and [Cu – C/Cu – Cu]). Simulation of the TC and CTE have been performed and compared to the experimental results.
Akira Kawasaki, Akinaga Kumakawa and Masayuki Niino
J. F. Silvain et al., "Adaptive Composite Materials with Novel Architectures", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 631-632, pp. 149-154, 2010