Functionally Graded Thermal Barrier Coatings with Improved Reflectivity and High-Temperature Capability
Conventional thermal barrier coating (TBC) systems consist of a duplex structure with a metallic bondcoat and a ceramic, heat isolative topcoat. In modern TBCs the ceramic topcoat is further divided into layers with different functions. One example is the double layer system in which conventional yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is used as bottom and new materials as pyrochlores or perovskites are used as topcoat layers. These systems demonstrated an improved temperature capability compared to standard YSZ. Examples of such systems will be shown. In modern gas turbines the increased temperatures and gas pressures lead to an increased fraction of radiative heat flow. Coatings with increased reflectivity can be used to avoid the direct heating of the metallic substrates by this radiation. An effective method to produce such coatings is suspension plasma spraying. These reflective coatings are deposited on top of the TBC system and will lead to a further grading and improved performance of the coating.
Akira Kawasaki, Akinaga Kumakawa and Masayuki Niino
R. Vaßen et al., "Functionally Graded Thermal Barrier Coatings with Improved Reflectivity and High-Temperature Capability", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 631-632, pp. 73-78, 2010