In the present work, low-carbon ultra grained constructional low-alloyed steel were subjected to thermo-mechanical treatment for modification of microstructure. It shows that microstructure after thermo-mechanical treatment is quite dependent on the alloy composition, conditions of hot deformation, grain size of austenite and cooling rate. The research was provide by using the computer program for thermo and thermo – mechanical treatment. The most optimal variant of heat treatment and thermo – mechanical deformation were obtained. The verifications were provided by the dilatometer with possibility of deformation DIL 805A/D.