The system casting-mould is considered. The thermal processes proceeding in a casting sub-domain are described using the one domain approach. The model of solidification process is supplemented by the energy equation concerning the mould sub-domain, the continuity conditions given on the contact surface between casting and mould, boundary conditions on the outer surface of the system and the initial ones. To solve the problem the generalized variant of finite difference method (GFDM) is used. Temporary and local values of temperature can be found at the optional set of collocation points from the domain considered. This essential advantage of GFDM allows to locate and thicken nodes at the regions for which the temperature gradients and cooling (heating) rates are considerable. In the final part of the paper, the example of numerical simulation is shown.