Rheological Behavior of Pure Binary Ni–Nb Model Alloys
This experimental work deals with the influence of niobium additions to high purity nickel on dynamic recrystallization behavior during hot working. Various high-purity alloys were prepared (unalloyed Ni and Ni–0.01, 0.1, 1 and 10 wt % Nb) and deformed to high strains by hot torsion tests to characterize the rheological behavior within the range 800 – 1000°C at strain rates of 0.03, 0.1 and 0.3 s–1. Niobium additions strongly increased the flow stress. To quantify such behavior, the strain-hardening parameter h and dynamic-recovery parameter r in the Yoshie-Laasraoui-Jonas constitutive equation were determined from the initial part of the experimental stress-strain curves (i.e., at strains before the stress peak) in which dynamic recrystallization does not alter the mechanical behavior. A table showing the variation of h and r as a function of strain rate, temperature, and niobium content was compiled and used to fit a simple empirical model for predicting h and r from the deformation conditions and alloy composition. In addition, microstructures were determined by optical metallography and SEM/EBSD. Based on this work, it appears that niobium additions noticeably refine the steady-state grain size by considerably decreasing the kinetics of dynamic recrystallization in nickel.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
D. Piot et al., "Rheological Behavior of Pure Binary Ni–Nb Model Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 2700-2705, 2010