In this study, the effect of various aging treatment (T6 and T7 treatment) on the mechanical properties, electrical conductivity and the microstructure of an Al-7.5Zn-1.3Mg-1.4Cu-0.12Zr alloy has been investigated. The results show that with elevating the aging treatment temperatures, the aging response rate is greatly accelerated. When T6 temper is performed at 140°C for 12h, as compared to peak aging for 24h at 120°C, the UTS and the corresponding Elongation values keep the same level, whereas the TYS and the electrical conductivity obviously increase by 5% and 9%, which is up to 560 MPa and 22.6 MS/m, respectively. And there are clear PFZs along the grain boundary and slightly coarser precipitates inside the grain. GPI zones, GPII zones and η' phases are major precipitates for the alloy under T6 condition. When T7 temper is performed on the alloy, the main precipitates are GPII zones, η′ and η phases. The coarser precipitates inside the grain and discontinuous grain boundary precipitates are favorable to electrical conductivity, which decrease the strength of 5~17% compared to T6 treatment. After T76 treatment (i.e., 110°C/6 h + 160°C/6 h), the UTS, TYS, Elongation and electrical conductivity values were 540 MPa, 510 MPa, 16.7% and 23.5 MS/m, respectively.