Calculation of Energies of Coherent Interfaces and Application to the Nucleation, Growth and Coarsening of Precipitates
Interfacial energies are essential in modelling nucleation, growth and coarsening processes in solid materials; especially nucleation rates respond very sensitively to small changes of this quantity. Thus, the prediction of interfacial energies has attracted the interest of many researchers since many years. In this work, a simple concept for the calculation of energies of coherent interfaces in multicomponent systems is presented. The model advances the classical nearest-neighbor-broken-bond concept for arbitrary interface orientations and interface curvature. The obtained result is simple enough to be expressed in a single, closed equation. Consequently, it can be easily implemented in the framework of classical nucleation theory, or in complex simulation tools for precipitate evolution based on Kampmann-Wagner type models. In this paper, the theoretical background of the model is discussed, and the results are compared to experimental data. Furthermore, a size correction function for small precipitates is presented and applied to the prediction of nucleation rates. Despite the simplicity of the model, the predictions of the model are found to be in satisfactory agreement with experimental evidence.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
B. Sonderegger et al., "Calculation of Energies of Coherent Interfaces and Application to the Nucleation, Growth and Coarsening of Precipitates", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 2730-2735, 2010