Technologies of Nanomodification of Low-Carbon Low Alloyed Steels
Metallurgical industry can be considered as a field most accommodated for perception of nano-technologies, which in the near future will be able to provide large scale production and high level of investments return. Specially noted should physical and mechanical properties of nano-structured steels and alloys (strength, plasticity, toughness and so on) which will cardinally excel characteristics of respective materials developed using conventional technologies. Investigations have shown that basic principles of selection of a structure up to nano-level for low-carbon low-alloy steels can be put forward, that is: 1) morphological similarity of structural components, pre-domination of globular type structures due to reduction in carbon components and rational alloying; 2) formation of fine-dispersed carbide phase of globular morphology; 3) exclusion of lengthy interphase boundaries; 4) formation of fragmented structure with boundaries close to wide-angle ones, which inherited structure of fine-grained deformed austenite.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
V.A. Malyshevsky et al., "Technologies of Nanomodification of Low-Carbon Low Alloyed Steels", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 3123-3127, 2010