Characteristics of Laser Welded Joints of HDT580X Steel
In the present study, the characteristics of Nd:YAG laser welded joints of 600 MPa DP steel (HDT580X), 2.4 mm in thickness, in respect of hardness, microstructures and mechanical properties were investigated. The test joints have been welded under a shielding gas on the stand for robotic Nd:YAG laser welding at the beam power of 1.5 kW and 2.0 kW. Three combinations of welding parameters were used: 2.0 kW - 2.1 m/min, 2.0 kW - 1.5 m/min and 1.5 kW - 1.2 m/min. Detailed examinations were performed on the joint welded at the highest speed. The microstructure was examined by the optical-, scanning- and transmission electron microscope. The heat affected zone (HAZ) was composed of ferrite, bainite and lath martensite, the weld contained lath martensite. The maximum hardness in the HAZ did not exceed 343 HV. The tensile strength of the welded joint was at the same level as that of the base material. The results of fatigue tests and residual stress measurement of laser welded DP steel joints are also presented. The fatigue strength of the welded joint is lower than that of the base material. The fatigue class FAT was determined, which is equal to 284 MPa - for the base material and 150 MPa – for the welded joint. By means of the modified hole drilling method the following residual stresses were measured: σmax = 573 MPa and σmin= -126 MPa.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
M. S. Weglowski et al., "Characteristics of Laser Welded Joints of HDT580X Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 3739-3744, 2010