Fracture Toughness of a Silica-Doped Cubic Zirconia (8Y-CSZ)
In a high-purity 8Y-CSZ, the doping of 0.15 - 5 mass% pure silica introduces a glass phase dispersing uniformly along grain-boundary facets and at multiple junctions. For materials with grain sizes of 0.75 - 2.4 m, the dispersion of the glass phase decreases the elastic modulus, the Vickers hardness and the elastic modulus-to-hardness ratio, whereas it affects little in the fracture toughness measured by a Vickers-indentation method and a single-crack-precracked-beam method. Inspection of crack propagation paths shows that the glass phase with sizes smaller than those of the matrix grains is not a site for easy crack-propagation, but provides a site for a crack-deflection mechanism.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
K. Hiraga et al., "Fracture Toughness of a Silica-Doped Cubic Zirconia (8Y-CSZ) ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 3846-3851, 2010