We developed a production technology for epitaxial growth with a smooth surface morphology for 4º off Si-face 4H-SiC epitaxial layers on 100 mm-diameter substrates. High-contrast topography images by optical surface analyzer revealed that a step bunching free surface was obtained throughout the whole area of the wafer surface. However, short-length steps still remained locally on the epitaxial surfaces. Using photoluminescence imaging, it was clarified that the short-length steps were morphological in nature and did not contain stacking faults. The short-length steps were generated by step-flow growth pinning caused by the shallow pits of threading screw dislocations revealed by molten KOH etching.