Nitrogen Centers in Nanodiamonds: EPR Studies
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and electron spin echo (ESE) at X-band (9.4 GHz) and W-band (94 GHz) have been used to study defects in natural diamond nanocrystals, detonation nanodiamond (ND) with a size of 4.5 nm and detonation ND after high-pressure high-temperature (HTHP) sintering with a size of 8.5 nm. Based on identification of atomic nitrogen centers N0 and nitrogen pairs N2+ detected by means of the high frequency EPR and ESE in natural diamond nanocrystals, atomic nitrogen centers N0 have been discovered in nanodiamond core in detonation ND and detonation ND after sintering. In addition EPR signal of multi-vacancy centers with spin 3/2 seems to be observed in diamond core of detonation ND.
Anton J. Bauer, Peter Friedrichs, Michael Krieger, Gerhard Pensl, Roland Rupp and Thomas Seyller
A. A. Soltamova et al., "Nitrogen Centers in Nanodiamonds: EPR Studies ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 645-648, pp. 1239-1242, 2010