Oscillatory Structure of the Zn-Cu-Ti Single Crystals
Structures obtained during Zn-Cu-Ti single crystal growth by the Bridgman method were investigated. The alloys of composition Zn-Cu0.1wt.%-Ti0.1wt.% were used for single crystals growth, which were produced at rate in the range of 1.8mm/h to 16mm/h. The Zn-Cu-Ti alloys were characterized by multiphase structure; in the solute-hardened matrix by Cu atoms exists a needle-shaped intermetallic phase Zn16Ti. The strong anisotropy of the hexagonal structure gives a significant influence on a second phase distribution in the matrix volume. In the range of the low growth rates (from 1.8mm/h to 10mm/h) oscillatory structures were observed. That effect vanished at the growth rates higher than 10mm/h. The observed oscillatory structures were characterized by existing periodic layers rich in the intermetallic phase of Zn16Ti interlaid with pure matrix (alpha phase Zn with Cu solute).
A. Roósz, V. Mertinger, P. Barkóczy and Cs. Hoó
G. Boczkal et al., "Oscillatory Structure of the Zn-Cu-Ti Single Crystals", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 649, pp. 113-118, 2010