Residual stresses in titanium casting alloy were estimated by X-ray stress measurement technique. There are two problems in the condition of X-ray stress measurement. Firstly, the titanium casting alloy has the large crystal grains. These coarse grains were generated under solidification processes and those sizes are approximately 2 millimeter in this study. These coarse crystal grains interfere with an accurate stress measurement due to the unstable diffraction profile . This is because the existence of a sufficient number of isotropic crystal grains in the X-ray irradiation area are based on the X-ray diffraction theory. In this study, the stress measurement technique of single crystal materials was adopted for the solution of this fundamental problem [2, 3]. Because the coarse crystal grain was treated as a single crystal, the high intensity diffraction profiles were observed from a certain direction with investigations of crystal orientation. The problem with the coarse crystal grain in titanium casting alloy were cleaned up by the employment of the single crystal measurement technique. Secondly, the results from this study show that the position of crystal grain within the X-ray irradiation area greatly influenced the residual stress values. Therefore, in the present paper the erasing method of this position effect was tried and discussed . Finally, the improvement of the accuracy of this method for the residual stress measurement in titanium casting alloy under the several bending stresses was confirmed. These results show that the erasing method in this study is an effective correction method.