Research and Development of Nano-Composite Materials for Hydrogen Storage
Hydrides with light elements such as MgH2, LiH, NH3 and NH3BH3 are known as high hydrogen containing materials. However, the high work temperature and the slow reaction rate limit the practical application of hydride systems. Those properties can be improved by the nano-composite materials. The nano-composite materials for hydrogen storage encompass a catalyst and composite hydrides at the nanometer scale. The catalyst increases reaction rate. The thermodynamic stability of the nano-composite materials can be controlled by the composite hydrides. In addition, the hydrogen absorption kinetics is accelerated by the nano-size materials and they may change the thermodynamic stability of the materials. In this study, we reviewed our experimental results on hydrogen storage properties of light weight nano-composite materials. The Mg-based nano-composite material with Nb2O5 showed excellent kinetics as compared with that of Mg. The Li-Mg-N-H system absorbed and desorbed above 5.5 mass % of H2 at 423K (8LiH ＋ 3Mg(NH2)2 3Li2.667MgN2H1.333＋8H2). We found that the H2 absorption and desorption of the MH-NH3 (M: Li, Na, K) system takes the following reaction path, MH + NH3 MNH2 + H2.
Jian-Feng Nie and Allan Morton
Y. Kojima "Research and Development of Nano-Composite Materials for Hydrogen Storage", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 654-656, pp. 2935-2938, 2010