Fundamentals of Spark-Plasma Sintering: Applications to Net-Shaping of High Strength Temperature Resistant Components
Spark-plasma sintering (SPS) is an emerging powder consolidating technique which provides significant advantages to the processing of high temperature materials with poor deformability into configurations previously unattainable. Net-shaping capabilities of spark-plasma sintering are analyzed both theoretically and experimentally. Modeling and experimentation are conducted for cylindrical, prismatic, and complex powder specimen shapes. The impact of the “shape factor” on the non-uniformity of temperature, relative density, and grain size spatial distributions is analyzed. The modeling results are compared to the experimentally obtained data on the spark plasma sintering of high strength temperature resistant powder-based materials. The conducted research indicates the promising capabilities and addresses the challenges of spark-plasma sintering of complex-shape parts.
Jian-Feng Nie and Allan Morton
E. Olevsky et al., "Fundamentals of Spark-Plasma Sintering: Applications to Net-Shaping of High Strength Temperature Resistant Components", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 654-656, pp. 412-415, 2010