Calcium carbonate with various structures and morphologies were prepared under double injection of the CaCl2 and Na2CO3 solutions with molar ratio of 1:1 at 30 °C, taking lignin as the induction agents. They were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction. The synthesis mechanism was also discussed. The results showed that calcium carbonate of different shape were obtained with the concentration of lignin at 10g/L, 20g/L and 30g/L, respectively, under 30°C while CaCl2 and Na2CO3 were kept at the same concentration of 0.5mol/L. The size of the particles was in a range between 3 and 5μm and the particles were calcites. Compared with the normal calcium carbonate, the compound has advanced thermal decomposition behavior. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis revealed the presence of lignin and calcite. The electrostatic interaction of Ca2+ with lignin and the complementary of stereo-structure play important roles in the formation of Dumbbell Shaped Calcium Carbonate.