Synthesis and Characterization of Dumbbell Shaped Calcium Carbonate Induced by Lignin
Calcium carbonate with various structures and morphologies were prepared under double injection of the CaCl2 and Na2CO3 solutions with molar ratio of 1:1 at 30 °C, taking lignin as the induction agents. They were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction. The synthesis mechanism was also discussed. The results showed that calcium carbonate of different shape were obtained with the concentration of lignin at 10g/L, 20g/L and 30g/L, respectively, under 30°C while CaCl2 and Na2CO3 were kept at the same concentration of 0.5mol/L. The size of the particles was in a range between 3 and 5μm and the particles were calcites. Compared with the normal calcium carbonate, the compound has advanced thermal decomposition behavior. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis revealed the presence of lignin and calcite. The electrostatic interaction of Ca2+ with lignin and the complementary of stereo-structure play important roles in the formation of Dumbbell Shaped Calcium Carbonate.
Hyungsun Kim, JianFeng Yang, Tohru Sekino, Masakazu Anpo and Soo Wohn Lee
W. K. Zhu et al., "Synthesis and Characterization of Dumbbell Shaped Calcium Carbonate Induced by Lignin", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 658, pp. 49-52, 2010