Covering Steel Surface with Carbon Black by CO2 Laser
This study investigate the laser surface hardening in tool steel, avoiding the high reflectivity of the metal to the CO2 radiation by covering the surface sample with black carbon. Hardening process using graphite was effective in many works in the word, although, the particles size of graphite powder was in the range of some micrometers. In order to reduce the particle size, the carbon black was used in the laser thermal treatment of 4340 steel. The microhardness change to 850HV, compared to the substrate of 250HV and the friction coefficient ranged 0.2 and 0.3, because of the covered surface by carbon black. These thin coating of carbon black reduced the wear rate near to a hundred in comparison to the surface without carbon coating.
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
G. de Vasconcelos et al., "Covering Steel Surface with Carbon Black by CO2 Laser", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 660-661, pp. 249-252, 2010