Two-Step Sintering of Samaria-Doped Ceria
Samaria-doped ceria is a candidate solid electrolyte for applications in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells. One of the main concerns related to this solid electrolyte is its low sinterability, even when prepared by chemical methods. In this work, an alternative method of sintering was used aiming obtaining high densification with negligible grain growth in the late stage of sintering. Commercial samaria-doped ceria powder was pressed into pellets and sintered following the two-step sintering process. The first (peak) temperature was varied from 1100 to 1500 °C and the dwell temperature between 1050 and 1400 °C with soaking time of 5 h. The sintered ceramics were characterized by several techniques to correlate the processing-property characteristics. Relatively high densification has been obtained. Electrical conductivity data obtained by impedance spectroscopy could account for the observed improved densification.
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
S.L. Reis and E.N.S. Muccillo, "Two-Step Sintering of Samaria-Doped Ceria", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 660-661, pp. 807-812, 2010