Self-Sustained Fracture Waves in Soda-Lime Glass


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High-speed framing photography in conjunction with circularly polarised light has been employed to monitor qualitatively the state of residual stress in Prince Rupert’s drops of soda-lime glass undergoing disintegration by a self-sustained fracture wave in the glass drops. It is revealed that the fracture wave through a Prince Rupert’s drop is driven by the residual stress in the drop, with the propagation speed of the fracture wave being (1700 ± 100) ms-1, which is close to the terminal speed of individual cracks in the soda-lime glass, but is much smaller than the longitudinal wave speed of 5300 ms-1 in the glass. These observations support our recently reported observations and also give support to our conclusions that the fracture wave speed of a self-sustained fracture wave is equal to the terminal speed of individual cracks in the glass. Some preliminary observations from fracture waves in Prince Rupert’s drops of a lead oxide glass are also described, which show that in Prince Rupert’s drops of the lead oxide glass the fracture wave is also self-sustained and it travels through the drop at a steady and stable speed of (1300 ± 100) ms-1, which is also considerably smaller than the longitudinal wave speed of 4800 ms-1 in the lead glass. A brief comment is also made on the fracture waves observed by other workers in brittle oxide glasses and solids generated by plate impacts and shock waves.



Edited by:

M. Munawar Chaudhri






M. M. Chaudhri "Self-Sustained Fracture Waves in Soda-Lime Glass", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 662, pp. 95-104, 2011

Online since:

November 2010




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