Ag Powders Consolidated by Reciprocating Extrusion (CEC)
CEC has unique characteristic. These are applicability of very large strain and deformation under high hydrostatic pressure. Due to these abilities of CEC, several unique phenomena have been observed. One of them is the possibility of consolidation of metallic powders in room temperature to the form of bulk material. In the present paper the consolidation of AgSnBi and AgNi to bulk composites was presented. Applying the deformation of = 0.42 in the single cycle of CEC, under high hydrostatic pressure, the samples without pores and discontinuities were fabricated. The microstructure observations were performed by optical microscopy (MO), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). They show refinement of microstructure at all levels of observation. The nanometric-size subgrains/grains were found inside consolidated granules. The microhardness level of AgSnBi in average achieved level 110 μHV100, and AgNi of about 90 μHV100. The AgSnBi samples consolidated by CEC and additional hydrostatically extruded to wires with 3 mm in diameter average showed 500 MPa yield point.
Jing Tao Wang, Roberto B. Figueiredo and Terence G. Langdon
M. W. Richert et al., "Ag Powders Consolidated by Reciprocating Extrusion (CEC)", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 667-669, pp. 145-150, 2011