Disorientations after Severe Plastic Deformation and their Effect on Work-Hardening
Plastic deformation creates orientation differences in grains of originally uniform orientation. These disorientations are caused by a local excess of dislocations having the same sign of the Burgers vector. Their increase with increasing plastic strain is modeled by dislocation dynamics taking into account different storage mechanisms. The predicted average disorientation angles across different types of boundaries are in close agreement with experimental data for small and moderate plastic strains. At large plastic strains after severe plastic deformation, saturation of the measured average disorientation angle is observed. This saturation is explained as an immediate consequence of the restriction of experimentally measured disorientation angles to angles below a certain maximum value imposed by crystalline symmetry. Taking into account the restrictions from crystalline symmetry for modeled disorientation angles does not only lead to an excellent agreement with experimental findings on Ni after high pressure torsion, but also rationalizes the work-hardening behavior at large plastic strains as well as a saturation of the flow stress.
Jing Tao Wang, Roberto B. Figueiredo and Terence G. Langdon
W. Pantleon "Disorientations after Severe Plastic Deformation and their Effect on Work-Hardening", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 667-669, pp. 205-210, 2011