Application of High-Pressure Torsion to Al-Si Alloys with and without Scandium Additions
Al-2 wt. % Si alloys with and without 0.25 wt. % scandium additions were processed by high-pressure torsion up to five turns at room temperature under a pressure of 6.0 GPa. Microstructural examination of the as-cast Al-2Si-0.25Sc alloy revealed the presence of Al3Sc precipitates which refined the Al grain structure, whereas no major changes were observed in the morphology of the Si particles. Processing by HPT of both experimental alloys revealed submicrometer grains with uniformly distributed Si particles. The mechanical properties were obtained using hardness measurements and the ball-indentation technique. The results show the hardness increased in the first turn of HPT and further increased with increasing numbers of turns. In addition, the hardness values were lower at the centers and continuously increased towards the edges of the disks. The difference in hardness values between the centre and the edge decreased with increasing turns, thereby suggesting an increasing homogeneity with increasing processing. The scandium addition and HPT processing of the Al-2Si alloy strongly influences the grain refinement and mechanical properties. The grain size reduction in the Al-2Si alloy was similar to Al whereas the presence of Sc in Al-2Si during HPT processing was responsible for large precipitation networks and a submicrometer grain formation.
Jing Tao Wang, Roberto B. Figueiredo and Terence G. Langdon
K. Venkateswarlu et al., "Application of High-Pressure Torsion to Al-Si Alloys with and without Scandium Additions", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 667-669, pp. 743-748, 2011