The Effect of Plastic Consolidation Parameters on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Various Aluminium Powders
The present paper is aimed at investigations of mechanical properties and structure of technical purity aluminum powders prepared by plastic consolidation process. The research work is focused on effective improvement of mechanical properties of material while keeping the conductivity at high level. It is well known that application of rapid solidification method with hot extrusion technique leads to grain refinement, as so according to Hall-Petch rule, improvement in mechanical properties of material can be expected. Furthermore, additional material strength can be obtained by aluminum oxides from free surface of powders that became internal boundaries during consolidation process. Aluminum powders atomized by air, argon and water were cold compacted and extruded at temperatures of 325°C and 375°C. For comparison purposes the same extrusion conditions were applied to cast aluminum. In order to analyze effect of recrystalization process during hot extrusion operation, different extrusion temperatures were chosen. Tensile tests as well as micro-hardnes measurements showed significant increase in mechanical strength for RS samples in comparison to conventionally cast material. Structural observations by means of transmission electron microscopy revealed that grain size of materials extruded at the given temperature was at the same level, however amount and distribution of oxides particles differs significantly. It was considered that differences in strength between individual RS material were attributed to this effect.
T. Tokarski "The Effect of Plastic Consolidation Parameters on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Various Aluminium Powders", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 674, pp. 141-146, 2011