Wear Improvement of Pure Titanium Surface by TiB Precipitation after Plasma Alloying Process
Good mechanical properties with combination of biocompatibility and high corrosion resistance make titanium and its alloys desirable materials for medical applications. A big disadvantage of titanium connects with its poor wear characteristics, however in this work this property was modified by boride microplasma surface alloying. Plasma surface alloying gives a wide range of layer thickness, which is controlled by the amount of the placed powder and process parameters like gas flow, nozzle diameter and current. Formation of TiB phase precipitation was confirmed by XRD analysis. Additionally, the modified microstructure was observed by optical microscopy. The Vickers microhardness was significantly improved from 180HV for original titanium substrate to 900HV in obtained composite layer structure, with a smoth hardness reduction in the cross section profile. Strong heat penetration from microplasma melt-in technique, results in substrate dissolution with formation of stable composite Ti + TiB layer. The surface corrosion resistance in 0.9% NaCl solution was nearly the same as for pure titanium, showing stable behavior of created oxide layer, with no negative effect of dual phase microstructure. Wear resistance of received composite layer structures were significantly improved in comparison with initial titanium samples.
A. Miklaszewski and M. Jurczyk, "Wear Improvement of Pure Titanium Surface by TiB Precipitation after Plasma Alloying Process", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 674, pp. 147-152, 2011