Incremental Equal Channel Angular Pressing for Grain Refinement


Article Preview

Creating a small amount of ultrafine grained metals by severe plastic deformation, for example using equal channel angular pressing, is possible in many research laboratories. However, industrial production of these materials is lagging behind because of the lack of industrially viable severe plastic deformation processes. One attempt to change this situation is based on the concept of incremental equal channel angular pressing developed by the University of Strathclyde and Warsaw University of Technology. The paper describes the path the researchers took to develop the process starting from finite element simulation, through tool design and process implementation, to material characterisation. Examples of various process configurations, which enable obtaining UFG bars, plates and sheets are given and possible future developments discussed.



Edited by:

Maria Richert




A. Rosochowski and L. Olejnik, "Incremental Equal Channel Angular Pressing for Grain Refinement", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 674, pp. 19-28, 2011

Online since:

February 2011




[1] Y.T. Zhu and T.G. Langdon: JOM Vol. 56/10 (2004), p.58.

[2] T.C. Lowe and R.Z. Valiev: JOM Vol. 56/10 (2004), p.64.

[3] S.L. Semiatin, A.A. Salem and M.J. Saran: JOM Vol. 56/10 (2004), p.69.

[4] A. Rosochowski, L. Olejnik and M. Richert, in: Advanced Methods in Material Forming, edited by D. Banabic, Springer, (2007).

[5] I.P. Semenova, G. Kh. Salimgareeva, V.V. Latysh, T. Lowe and R.Z. Valiev: Mater. Sci. Eng. A Vol. 503 (2009), p.92.

[6] H.W. Höppel, M. Kautz, C. Xu, M. Murashkin, T.G. Langdon, R.Z. Valiev and H. Mughrabi: Int. J. Fatigue Vol. 28 (2006), p.1001.

[7] V. Sklenicka, J. Dvorak, P. Kral, Z. Stonawska and M. Svoboda: Mater. Sci. Eng. A Vol. 410-411 (2005), p.408.

[8] Y. Wang, M. Chen, F. Zhou and E. Ma: Nature Vol. 419 (2002), p.912.

[9] R.Z. Valiev, A.V. Sergueeva and A. K. Mukherjee: Scr. Mater. Vol. 49 (2003), p.669.

[10] K. Tao, H. Choo and H. Li: Applied Physics Letters Vol. 90 (2007), p.101911.

[11] T. Mukai, M. Yamanoi, H. Watanabe and K. Higashi: Scr. Mater. Vol. 45 (2001), p.89.

[12] Y. Wang, E. Ma, R.Z. Valiev and Y. Zhu: Adv. Mater. Vol. 16 (2004), p.328.

[13] R.B. Figueiredo and T.G. Langdon: Adv. Eng. Mater. Vol. 10 (2008), p.37.

[14] N.A. Reshetnikova, M.R. Salakhova, Z.A. Safargalina and A.V. Scherbakov: Mater. Sci. Forum Vol. 584-586 (2008), p.9.

[15] P.N. Comley: J. Mater. Eng. Perform. Vol. 13 (2004), p.660.

[16] L. Liao and T. Ueda, U.S. Patent 6, 746, 553. (2004).

[17] Y. Estrin, C. Kasper, S. Diederichs and R. Lapovok: J. Biomed. Nater. Res. A Vol. 90A (2008), p.1239.

[18] W. Presz and A. Rosochowski, in: Proc. 9th Int. Conf. on Material Forming – Esaform2006, edited by N. Juster and A. Rosochowski, Publishing House Akapit, Krakow (2006).

[19] P.W. Bridgman: Physical Review Vol. 48 (1935), p.825.

[20] S. Erbel: Met. Technol. Vol. 12 (1979), p.482.

[21] R.Z. Valiev, N.A. Krasilnikov and N.K. Tsenev: Mat. Sci. Eng. A Vol. 137 (1991), p.35.

[22] A. Korbel, M. Richert and J. Richert: Proc. 2nd Risø Int. Symp. on Metallurgy and Material Science, Roskilde, September 14-18, 1981 (Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, 1981), p.445.

[23] V.M. Segal, V.I. Reznikov, A.E. Drobyshevskiy and V.I. Kopylov: Russ. Metall. (Engl. Transl. ) Vol. 1 (1981), p.99.

[24] A. K Ghosh and W. Huang: in Investigations and Applications of Severe Plastic Deformation, edited by T.C. Lowe and R.Z. Valiev, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2000, p.29.

[25] O.R. Valiakhmetov, R.M. Galeyev, V.A. Ivan'ko, R.M. Imayev, A.A. Inozemtsev, N.L. Koksharov, A.A. Kruglov, R. Ya. Lutfullin, R.R. Mulyukov, A.A. Nazarov, R.V. Safiullin and S.A. Kharin: Nanotechnologies in Russia Vol. 5/1-2 (2010), p.108.

DOI: 10.1134/s1995078010010118

[26] J.Y. Huang, Y.T. Zhu, H. Jiang and T.C. Lowe: Acta Mater. Vol. 49 (2001), p.1497.

[27] Y. Beygelzimer, D. Orlov and V. Varyukhin: in Ultrafine Grained Materials II, TMS Annual Meeting in Seattle, Washington, February 17-21, 2002, edited by Y. Zhu, T. Langdon, R. Mishra, S. Semiatin, M. Saran and T. Lowe, TMS, 2002, p.297.

DOI: 10.1002/9781118804537

[28] K. Nakamura, K. Neishi, K. Kaneko, M. Nakagaki and Z. Horita: Mater. Trans. Vol. 45/12 (2004), p.3338.

[29] Y. Saito, N. Tsuji, H. Utsunomiya, T. Sakai and R.G. Hong: Scripta Mater. Vol. 39 (1998), p.1221.

[30] Y. Saito, H. Utsunomiya and H. Suzuki: in Advanced Technology of Plasticity, edited by M. Geiger, Springer, 1999, Vol. III, p.2459.

[31] J.C. Lee, H.K. Seok, J.Y. Suh, J.H. Han and Y.H. Chung: Metall. Mater. Trans. A Vol. 33/3 (2002), p.665.

[32] G.J. Raab, R.Z. Valiev, T.C. Lowe and Y.T. Zhu: Mater. Sci. Eng. A Vol. 382/1-2 (2004), p.30.

[33] Y. Huang and P.B. Prangnell: Scripta Mater. Vol. 56 (2007), p.333.

[34] P.K. Chaudhury and R. Srinivasan: in Seventeenth International Symposium on Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Material XVII, New Delhi, 15-17 December 2008, edited by N. Bhatnagar and T.S. Srivatsan, I.K. International Pvt Ltd, 2009, p.75.

[35] O. Saray, G. Purcek and I. Karaman: Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci. Vol. 25 (2010), p.42.

[36] A. Rosochowski, Patent Application WO 2006/100448.

[37] A. Rosochowski, Patent Application US 2009/0126444.

[38] A. Rosochowski and L. Olejnik: in Proc. of the 10th Int. Conference on Material Forming, Esaform 2007, April 18-20, 2007, Zaragoza, Spain, edited by E. Cueto and F. Chinesta, American Institute of Physics, Proceedings 907, 2007, p.653.

[39] L. Olejnik and A. Rosochowski: in Proc. of the 4th International Conference on Advances in Production Engineering, APE'07, 14-16 June 2007, Warsaw, Poland, edited by L. Dabrowski, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw 2007, p.139.

[40] A. Rosochowski and L. Olejnik: in International Symposium on Bulk Nanostructured Materials: from fundamentals to innovations, BNM2007, 14-18 August 2007, Ufa, Russia, Ufa State Aviation University, 2007, p.21.

[41] A. Rosochowski and L. Olejnik: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L, Journal of Materials: Design and Applications Vol. 221/4 (2007), p.187.

[42] A. Rosochowski and L. Olejnik: in Proc. of the 11th Int. Conference on Material Forming, Esaform 2008, April 23-25, 2008, Lyon, France, edited by P. Boisse, F. Morestin and E. Vidal-Sallé, Int. J. Mater. Form. Vol. 1/Suppl. 1 (2008), p.483.

[43] A. Rosochowski, L. Olejnik and M. Richert: in Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation IV, Proc. of 4th International Conference NanoSPD4, August 18-22, 2008, Goslar, Germany, edited by Y. Estrin and H.J. Maier, Mater. Sci. Forum Vol. 584-586 (2008).

[44] L. Olejnik, A. Rosochowski and M. Richert: in Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation IV, Proc. of 4th International Conference NanoSPD4, August 18-22, 2008, Goslar, Germany, edited by Y. Estrin and H.J. Maier, Mater. Sci. Forum Vol. 584-586 (2008).

[45] A. Azushima, R. Kopp, A. Korhonen, D.Y. Yang, F. Micari, G.D. Lahoti, P. Groche, J. Yanagimoto, N. Tsuji, A. Rosochowski and A. Yanagida: CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology Vol. 57 (2008), p.716.

DOI: 10.1016/j.cirp.2008.09.005

[46] L. Olejnik and A. Rosochowski: Przeglad Mechaniczny Vol. 10 (2009), p.22.

[47] A. Rosochowski and L. Olejnik: Materials Technology: Advanced Performance Materials Vol. 24 (2009), p.139.

[48] A. Rosochowski, M. Rosochowska, L. Olejnik and B. Verlinden: in Proc. of 13th Int. Conference on Metal Forming, 19-22 September, 2010, Toyohashi, Japan, edited by K. Mori, M. Pietrzyk, J. Kusiak, J. Majta, P. Hartley and J. Lin, Steel Research International Vol. 81/9 (2010).

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.