The influence of the interfacial friction on the continuous rheo-forming microstructures of magnesium alloy. The effects of interfacial friction on the microstructure evolution in magnesium alloy were investigated. It was shown that strong shear stress and internal friction occur inside the melt under the interfacial friction. In roller-shoe chamber, the growth direction of dendrites growing along the normal direction of the roller near the roller-shoe is changed under shear stress and melt resistance force. when the degree between dendrite and normal direction of roller is about 45 degree, the dendrites can be stablized and grow easily along this direction. Under an appropriate pouring temperature, with the increase of pouring temperature, there is enough room for the grains near the roller-shoe to grow, the grains are not easy to collide mutually, so the dendrites form. In roller-shoe chamber, coarse dendrites near the roller become gradually refined when they grow into the mushy region. Moreover, because dynamic friction force and shear stress of roller are stronger at the exit of the chamber, dendrites fracture and fracture layer or cracks appears. The microstructures consist of mainly rosette and spherical grains on the central position.