Fabrication of SS316L/Ni25 Functionally Gradient Materials Using Laser Engineered Net Shaping
Functionally gradient materials(FGMs) were successfully fabricated with compositions gradually changed from 100% stainless steel 316L to 100% Ni25 alloy using laser engineered net shaping(LENS) technology. The microstructure characterization, composition analysis and microhardness along the gradient direction are investigated. Meanwhile, the defects in the sample such as cracks and pores are analyzed. The results indicated that the microstructure evolves from columnar dendrite to cellular-crystal or equiaxed dendrite.
Yi Tan and Dongying Ju
D. J. Wu et al., "Fabrication of SS316L/Ni25 Functionally Gradient Materials Using Laser Engineered Net Shaping", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 675-677, pp. 803-806, 2011