Simulation and Measurement of Residual Stresses in a Type 316H Stain­less Steel Offset Repair in a Pipe Girth Weld


Article Preview

In common with all mechanical strain relief residual stress measurement methods, extra care must be taken when making measurements on components containing highly triaxial residual stress fields which are close to yield. The introduction of a free surface, created as part of the measurement procedure, can lead to plastic redistribution of the residual stress field. Usually, this is not accounted for in the elastic inversion algorithms of the experimental procedure. This paper demon­strates the usefulness and accuracy of deep-hole drilling (DHD) method [1] in a component predicted to contain a triaxial residual stress field. Previous measurements [2] are compared with the results of a DHD simulation on a type 316H stainless steel pipe containing a repair weld offset from an original girth weld. The influence of different material models was also studied.



Edited by:

Paolo Scardi and Cristy L. Azanza Ricardo




M.S. Hossain et al., "Simulation and Measurement of Residual Stresses in a Type 316H Stain­less Steel Offset Repair in a Pipe Girth Weld", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 681, pp. 492-497, 2011

Online since:

March 2011




[1] Smith, D. J., Bouchard, P. J. and George, D., Measurement and prediction of residual stresses in thick-section steel welds, J. Strain Analysis, 35(4), (2000).

[2] Hossain, S., Truman, C. E., Smith, D. J. and Bouchard, P. J., Measurement of residual stresses in a type 316H stainless steel offset repair in a pipe girth weld, Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Transactions of the ASME, v 128, n 3, pp.420-426, August (2006).


[3] George D., Kingston E., Smith D.J., Measurement of through-thickness stresses using small holes, J. Strain Analysis, 37(2), pp.125-139, (2002).

[4] Kingston, E.J., Advances in the deep-hole drilling technique for residual stress measurement, PhD Thesis, University of Bristol, (2004).

[5] Hossain, S., Residual stresses under conditions of high triaxiality, PhD Thesis, University of Bristol, (2005).

[6] Elcoate C.D., Dennis R.J., Bouchard P.J., Smith M.C., 3 Dimensional repair weld simulations-bead sequencing studies, PVP-Vol. 479, San Diego, PVP2004-2643, (2004).


[7] FEAT, Version 3. 4. 0, Finite Element Analysis Toolbox User Guide, Serco Assurance, Harwell UK, (2002).

[8] Hibbit, Karlsson and Sorenson HKS Inc., 1080 Main Street, Pawtucket, RI 02680-4847, USA, ABAQUS v. 6. 2, (2001).

[9] D.M. Goudar, C.E. Truman, D.J. Smith, Evaluating uncertainty in residual stress measured using the deep-hole drilling technique, Strain, 2009, DOI. 10. 1111/j1475-1305. 2009. 00620. x.


[10] R66, AGR Materials Data Handbook, Issue 5, British Energy Maintained Document, (1999).

[11] Smith, M., British Energy Generations Ltd, Private Communication, (2004).