Phase and Shape Evolution of CdS Nanocrystallites under Solvothermal Conditions

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CdS nanocrystallites with different morphologies have solvothermally prepared with ethylenediamine (en) and glycol as solvents. Solvent-dependent experiments were carried out by adjusting the ratios of en/glycol to investigate the effects of the solvents on the product phase formation and morphology. It was found that the morphology of CdS nanocrystallite develops from a rough spherical nanoparticle to a rod-, twinrod-, and tetrapod-shaped nanoparticle by increasing the ratio of en/glycol, meanwhile the phase composition changes from coexistence of tetragonal zinc blende CdS and hexagonal wurtzite CdS to pure hexagonal wurtzite CdS. Based on the experimental results, a possible shape evolution mechanism of CdS nanocrystallites is simply discussed.

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Periodical:

Edited by:

Rongming Wang, Ying Wu and Xiaofeng Wu

Pages:

195-200

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.688.195

Citation:

G. Xu et al., "Phase and Shape Evolution of CdS Nanocrystallites under Solvothermal Conditions", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 688, pp. 195-200, 2011

Online since:

June 2011

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$35.00

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