Introduction to the Interdependence Theory of Grain Formation and its Application to Aluminium, Magnesium and Titanium Alloys
The Interdependence Theory is a theoretical description of grain formation that links heterogeneous nucleation to grain growth early in the initial transient of a previously nucleated grain. Thus nucleation is the result of a repeating cycle of growth and nucleation events moving towards the thermal centre of a casting. The principles of this theory are introduced and then the Interdependence equation that embodies the Interdependence Theory, is applied to the prediction of experimental grain size data for aluminium, magnesium and titanium-based alloy systems.
Hajo Dieringa, Norbert Hort and Karl Ulrich Kainer
D. H. St. John et al., "Introduction to the Interdependence Theory of Grain Formation and its Application to Aluminium, Magnesium and Titanium Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 690, pp. 206-209, 2011