Effect of Al-Ti-B Based Master Alloys on Grain Refinement and Hot Tearing Susceptibility of AZ91E Magnesium Alloy
The objective of this study was to examine the potential of Al-5Ti-1B and Al-1Ti-3B master alloys in reducing the hot tearing susceptibility of AZ91E magnesium alloy. The low penetration of magnesium alloys for structural automotive applications can be attributed to their poor castability during permanent mould casting. An improvement in the castability of magnesium alloys will result in the production of larger castings for automotive applications and a reduction in vehicle weight. The addition levels examined for both master alloys were 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1.0 wt.%. The master alloys were added to the AZ91E alloy and stirred for 30 seconds. For the graphite mould castings used to observe grain refinement, the pouring and mould temperatures were 720 and 750 °C respectively. The hot tear castings were produced using a “dog bone” shaped H-13 tool steel mould. The pouring and mould temperatures were 720 and 180 °C respectively. Without master alloy addition, the base AZ91E casting had severe hot tears. The addition of Al-5Ti-1B slightly reduced hot tears while Al-1Ti-3B addition significantly reduced hot tears. The addition of Al-1Ti-3B also significantly reduced the grain size of the castings from 113 µm in the base alloy to 72 µm with 1.0 wt.% addition. The addition of Al-5Ti-1B did not lead to a reduction of hot tears because of large TiAl3 particles acting as stress risers during solidification.
Hajo Dieringa, Norbert Hort and Karl Ulrich Kainer
E. Abdallah et al., "Effect of Al-Ti-B Based Master Alloys on Grain Refinement and Hot Tearing Susceptibility of AZ91E Magnesium Alloy", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 690, pp. 351-354, 2011