Influence of the Fluence and Substrate Temperature on the Structural and Optical Properties of CdSe Thin Films Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition
Cadmium Selenide (CdSe) thin films were prepared by pulsed laser deposition using a Nd:YAG laser (355 nm). Films were grown by ablating a sintered pure CdSe target with fluences from 0.1 to 1.5 J/cm2 on corning glass, silicon (100) and quartz substrates. Deposition chamber was maintained under vacuum pressure while substrate temperature was increased from room temperature to 500°C in order to control the crystalline phase. All the films show mirror-like surface morphology. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images shown that films have very flat surfaces with RMS values around 0.7 and 5 nm for room temperature and 500°C respectively. The X-ray diffraction analysis proves the presence of the cubic zinc blend phase for the CdSe films deposited at low temperature, at 400°C and at higher substrate temperature the hexagonal phase is present. TEM analysis shows that at 100°C the films are constituted by particles with an average size of 30nm in diameter. The optical properties of the films were determined from the UV-transmission spectra. The estimated band gap values of the films deposited at room temperature and at 400°C (0.1 J/cm2) were 1.87 and 1.70 eV respectively.
J. Federico Chávez Alcalá, Alejandro Cruz Ramírez and Ma. de los Ángeles Hernández Pérez
M.A. Hernández-Pérez et al., "Influence of the Fluence and Substrate Temperature on the Structural and Optical Properties of CdSe Thin Films Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 691, pp. 134-138, 2011