Stable Ti/IrO2 Anode with Iridium-Titanium Oxide Interlayers for O2 Evolution
Ti/IrOx–TiO2/IrO2 and Ti/IrO2–Ta2O5 electrodes were prepared using thermal decomposition procedure, respectively. The microstructure and electrochemical properties of the electrodes were studied with scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), potentiodynamic polarization and accelerated life test. Experimental results showed that the Ti/IrOx–TiO2/IrO2 electrode has better electrocatalytic activity for oxygen evolution and higher stability, compared with the Ti/IrO2–Ta2O5 electrode under the same conditions. The high electrocatalytic activity of Ti/IrOx–TiO2/IrO2 electrode could be correlated with a large number of IrO2 particles on coating surface. The Ti/IrOx–TiO2/IrO2 electrode exhibits a three times longer service life than that of Ti/IrO2–Ta2O5, its superior stability was attributed to the IrOx–TiO2 interlayer, which contributes to form a metastable solid solution between IrOx and thin titanium oxide layer on titanium substrate during calcination and the improvement of the bonding of IrO2 layer with the substrate.
J. Z. Hu et al., "Stable Ti/IrO2 Anode with Iridium-Titanium Oxide Interlayers for O2 Evolution", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 694, pp. 662-666, 2011