Fabrication of Bi0.5Na0.5ZrO3 Powder by Mixed Oxide Method
Lead-free bismuth sodium zirconate powder with formula Na0.5Bi0.5ZrO3 was prepared by conventional mixed oxide method. Bismuth sodium zirconate (BNZ) powder with 10wt%Na2CO3 was calcined at 800 °C for 2 h dwell time. Investigation of the effects of re-calcination and dwell time on phase formation of powders was also carried out. The results revealed that re-calcination significantly affected the formation of single-phase BNZ powder. Phase characteristics were checked by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Powder Cell software was employed to simulate crystal structure of BNZ powder. It was found that BNZ powder most likely possessed an orthorhombic structure. SEM result showed its average particle size was 0.47 mm and composition measured EDX correlated with theoretical composition of BNZ.
Hyungsun Kim, Jian Feng Yang, Chuleol Hee Han, Somchai Thongtem and Soo Wohn Lee
P. Jaiban et al., "Fabrication of Bi0.5Na0.5ZrO3 Powder by Mixed Oxide Method", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 695, pp. 49-52, 2011