Discussions on some Properties of Alumina Scales and their Protectiveness

Abstract:

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This small review deals mainly with three issues regarding the nature and protectiveness of alumina scales grown during high-temperature oxidation: (1) sequences of phase transportation of alumina scales formed on Fe-Cr-Al and NiAl alloys, and a few aluminides, (2) combined additions of reactive element (RE) and (3) convolution of α-Al2O3 scales. Though the general phase transformation sequence of alumina scales is γ to θ to α phases at intermediate temperatures, variations have been reported. Directional growth of transient aluminas such as γ-Al2O3 and θ-Al2O3 is discussed with a particular emphasis on its driving force. Parabolic rate constants for the growth of α-Al2O3 scales are smaller when the period of transient alumina is longer because of larger α-Al2O3 grains. The effect of RE in slowing the parabolic oxidation saturates at a certain concentration, however combined addition further decreases the oxidation rate. The α-Al2O3 scales on Fe-Cr-Al alloys without RE are highly convoluted, however those on NiAl and other aluminides are not so convoluted. The α-Al2O3 layer beneath the outer NiO layer or NiAl2O4 layer is flat in the oxidation of Ni3Al. Directions for future work are proposed.

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Periodical:

Edited by:

Toshio Maruyama, Masayuki Yoshiba, Kazuya Kurokawa, Yuuzou Kawahara and Nobuo Otsuka

Pages:

51-56

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.696.51

Citation:

S. Taniguchi "Discussions on some Properties of Alumina Scales and their Protectiveness", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 696, pp. 51-56, 2011

Online since:

September 2011

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$35.00

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