Fatigue Failure, Residual Stress and Misorientation - A Possible Correlation


Article Preview

Two grades of Steel, with tempered martensitic structure, were used for fatigue tests. From such tests, samples were obtained with significant differences in the probability of fatigue failure. The latter was related to surface/sub-surface misorientation developments and developments in compressive residual stresses. A combination of glancing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) and high resolution cross-sectional EBSD (electron back scattered diffraction) were used. The study brings out a clear correlation between misorientation, residual stress and fatigue life.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 702-703)

Edited by:

Asim Tewari, Satyam Suwas, Dinesh Srivastava, Indradev Samajdar and Arunansu Haldar




P. Biswas et al., "Fatigue Failure, Residual Stress and Misorientation - A Possible Correlation", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 702-703, pp. 307-310, 2012

Online since:

December 2011




[1] Osamu Umezawa and Kotobu Nagai , Deformation Structure and Subsurface Fatigue crack, Generation in Austenitic Steels at Low Temperature, metallurgical and materials transactions a, volume 29a, march 1998—809.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-998-0272-1

[2] H. V. Coroiano, Effect of Residual Stresses on the Low Cycle Fatigue Life of Large Scale Weldments in High Strength Steel, Transactions of the ASME, 86 / February (1970).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3427724

[3] S.K. Das, Failure analysis of a passenger car coil spring, Engineering Failure Analysis 14 (2007) 158–163.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfailanal.2005.11.012

[4] R. Bidulsk, Effect of Varying Carbon Content and Shot Peening upon Fatigue Performance of Prealloyed Sintered Steels, J. Mater. Sci. Technol., Vol. 25 No. 5, (2009).

[5] F. Ghanem, Effect of Near-Surface Residual Stress and Microstructure Modification From Machining on the Fatigue Endurance of a Tool Steel, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Volume 11(6) December 2002—631.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1361/105994902770343629

[6] K. Shiozawa, Effect of Non-Metallic Inclusion Size and Residual Stresses on Gigacycle Fatigue Properties in High Strength Steel , Advanced Materials Research Vols. 44-46 (2008) pp.33-42.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.44-46.33

[7] C. Kanchanomai , Effect of Residual Stress on Fatigue Failure of Carbonitrided Low-Carbon Steel, MEPEG (2008) 17: 879–887.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-008-9212-x

[8] Duyi Ye, Effects of low-cycle fatigue on static mechanical properties, microstructures and fracture behavior of 304 stainless steel, Materials Science and Engineering A 527 (2010) 4092–4102.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2010.03.027

[9] Kenan Genel, Effect of case depth on fatigue performance of AISI 8620 carburized steel, International Journal of Fatigue 21 (1999) 207–212.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0142-1123(98)00061-9

[10] B.A. Shaw, C. Aylott, The role of residual stress on the fatigue strength of high performance gearing, International Journal of Fatigue 25 (2003) 1279–1283.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2003.08.014

[11] C. Kanchanomai and W. Limtrakarn, Effect of Residual Stress on Fatigue Failure of Carbonitrided Low-Carbon Steel, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Volume 17(6) December 2008—879.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-008-9212-x

[12] A. Dias, J.L. Lebrun, A. Bignonnet, X-ray differection studies on fatigue crack plastic zones developed under plane strain state conditions, Fatigue Fracture Engg. Mater Structure 22, 133-144.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1460-2695.1999.00142.x

[13] ASTM E 606, Standard practice for strain controlled fatigue testing, (1998).

[14] H Jakubczak, G Glinka, Program for fatigue life predictions based on notch-strain approach©, Version 6. 9, (2009).

[15] Metal Reference book, CJ Smithells & E.A. Brandes, 5th edition (1976), Butterworhts london, 975-980.

[16] A. Reuss, Berechnung der Fliessgrenze von Mischkristallen auf Grund der Plastizitätsbedingung für Einkristalle , Z Angew Math Mech, Vol. 9, (1929), p.49–58.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/zamm.19290090104