Sintered Stainless Steel for Interconnectors for PEM Fuel Cell
Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell performance strongly depends on properties of the fuel cell stack bipolar plates (BPs). Bipolar plates are a key component of fuel cells. Functions of materials used for fuel cells include even distribution of gas fuel and air, conduction of electricity between the adjacent cells, heat transfer from the cell as well as prevention of gas leakage and cooldown. Due to multifunctionality of fuel cell plates, choice of materials used for plates is immensely difficult. This paper presents opportunities of application of a new technology of powder sintering for creation of parts for electricity and heat generators. Sintered stainless steel 316LHD was investigated as a candidate material for bipolar plate materials. 316L powders were compacted with the following load: 700MPa, 550MPa, and 200MPa, and then sintered at the temperature of 1250 °C in hydrogen medium. The main criterion for selection of a particular material for components of fuel cells is their corrosion resistance in operating conditions of hydrogen fuel cells. In order to determine resistance to corrosion in the environment of operation of fuel cells, potentiokinetic curves (as a function of temperature) were registered in synthetic solution 0.1M H2SO4 + 2 ppmF- at 80°C. The investigations also covered measurements of mechanical properties and microstructural testing of sinters with austenitic structure.
T. Chandra, M. Ionescu and D. Mantovani
R. Włodarczyk, "Sintered Stainless Steel for Interconnectors for PEM Fuel Cell", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 706-709, pp. 1047-1051, 2012