Structural Changes in a 9%Cr Creep Resistant Steel during Creep Test
Structural changes in a 9%Cr martensitic steel after 1%, 4% creep and creep rupture test at 650°C and stress of 118 MPa were examined. Heat treatment provided the formation of tempered martensite lath structure (TMLS) in the steel. The precipitations of second phase particles along block and lath boundaries provide effective stabilization of the TMSL under annealing/aging condition. This structure hardly changed under creep conditions in grip portion of crept sample. Significant coarsening of both the second phase particles and the martensite laths takes place in neck portion. In addition, the latter ones lose their original morphology and are replaced by large strain-induced subgrains. It should be noted that the increase of subgrain size is in almost direct proportion to the particle growth during the creep to 4% strain. The rapid growth of martesite laths followed by their evolution to deformation subgrains takes place within the tertiary creep regime.
E.J. Palmiere and B.P. Wynne
V. Dudko et al., "Structural Changes in a 9%Cr Creep Resistant Steel during Creep Test", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 715-716, pp. 895-900, 2012